Early 13th Century French quillon dagger

A late 12th Century or early to mid-13th Century quillon dagger with bronze and enamel lobate pommel.

Proportions are loosely based off a surviving example in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, NYC, but have been slightly enlarged to better suit the pommel. The stylistic decoration comes from a number of surviving detached pommels which feature castles on the obverse face, and bird motifs on the reverse. Copying originals, small copper wedges have been inserted into the cross and hilt, securing it against the blade.

These daggers seem to have been produced in France, with associations to the enamelling industry around Limoges, but were also exported - they are particularly noted among finds around Jerusalem and Acre hinting at their use in the closing stages of the crusades, circa 1298.

Overall length 26.6cm.
Blade length 16.9cm.
Weight 220g.
Blade and cross of EN45 steel, Pommel of lost-wax cast bronze, cord-impressed veg-tan leather hilt over beechwood core.
Burgundy veg-tan leather with cut and impressed decoration inspired by archaeological examples for the sheath.